Dambulla Cavekovil also recognized as the Golden Temple of Dambulla, is a world heritage site (1991) in Sri Lanka, positioned in the central part of the country. This site is situated 148 km (92 mi) east of Colombo and 72 km (45 mi) north of Kandy. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock soars 160 m (525 ft) over the surrounding plains. There exists more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding.
The site’s prime attractions span over 5
caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are associated
with Lord Buddha and his life. The cave encompasses a totality of 153 Buddha statues: 3 statues of
Sri Lankan kings and 4 statues of gods and goddesses. The latter 4 include two
statues of Hindu gods, god Vishnu and god Ganesh. The murals, cover an area of
2,100 square meters. Portrayals in the walls of the caves include Buddha's
temptation by Mara (demon) and Buddha's first sermon amongst a series of other
historical tales as told by the people of the times.