Anuradhapura is the first ancient capital of Sri Lanka which is the capital that lasted for the longest period in the country. It is significant to locals for many reasons such as religion, history, culture and world famous for its well conserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. The Civilization which was built upon this city was one of the ultimate civilizations of Asia and in the world.
Now a UNESCO heritage site, the city lies 205 km (127 mi) north of the current capital Colombo in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka, on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya. Hacing originated in the 4th century BC it was the capital of the Anuradhapura Kingdom till the beginning of the 11th century AD. For this duration, it remained one of the most unwavering and durable centers of political power and urban life in South Asia. It was also an affluent city which created a distinctive culture and a pronounced civilization. Today this ancient city of Sri Lanka, which is sacred to the Buddhist world, has surrounding monasteries which cover an area of over sixteen square miles ( 40 km²) and is one of the world's major archaeological sites.